Bartending Guide Study – Lesson 3
TYPES OF MIXED DRINKS
It is a simple drink that can be made in a hurry. These types include various drink categories. Most of them are easy to make for everyday drinking.
RECIPE STANDARD: spirit + juice or pop
I.E: screwdriver, cuba libre, bloody mary
This type is similar to a highball but has smaller quantity of liquid and are served in a lowball glass such as a rock or an Old Fashioned.
METHOD: build (sometimes shaken)
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit(s) + liqueur or mixer
I.E.: black Russian, old fashioned, brown cow, negroni
They are tall drinks made with ginger ale, and originally only gin was used. Today, they are simply called a highball and made with all type of spirits.
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit + ginger ale.
They are tall highball, and also called Fixes.
RECIPE STANDARD: spirit + lemon juice or sour mix + carbonated soda
I.E.: tom collins (made with gin) – john collins (made with whisky) – juan/ jose collins (made with tequila)
There is a drink name for each style of spirits.
They are short Collins.
METHOD: shake or build
STANDARD RECIPE: (spirit + lemon juice or sour mix) SHAKE + carbonated soda
When the fresh ingredients are crushed in the bottom of a glass.
METHOD: muddle or build
STANDARD RECIPE: fresh fruit and herbs MUDDLE + spirit + carbonated soda.
I.E.: mint julep – caipirinha – mojito
It is a simple drink that can be served short or tall.
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit + lime juice + carbonated soda
I.E.: gin rickeys , whisky rickeys
They are also called Cups. They can be hot or cold drinks mix with various ingredients and usually served in large quantity. The word punch is derived from the Hindi panch (five) referring to the original recipe’s five ingredients: lime, sugar, spices, water and arak.
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit + fruit juices + regular or carbonated soda
I.E.: rum punch
CLASSIC GIN MARTINI
It is the quintessential American cocktail. The classic cocktail era starts from the beginning of the twentieth century to the wartime lounge.
STANDARD RECIPE: gin + dry vermouth + olives for garnish
It is a variation of the classic martini.
STANDARD RECIPE: whisky + fortified wine
I.E.: manhattan, rob roy, martinez
This type is a modern concoction that tends to be richer and sweeter than its basic counterpart.
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit + liqueur + mixer
I.E. cosmopolitan, lemon drop, purple haze
They are similar to hot punches. The basic difference is that they are made for a single serving.
Traditionally drunk before going to bed or in cold weather.
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit + sweetener or liqueur + hot water
I.E.: hot toddy, hot buttered rum
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit + sweetener or liqueur + coffee + whipped cream
I.E.: monte cristo, B52 coffee, Spanish coffee
They were originally hot drinks made with a whole egg and a variety of liquors or wine. Today, flips are served cold except for the classics.
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit or port wine + sweetener or liqueur + mixer + egg
I.E.: brandy flip, porto flip
They are small sour drinks that are served in a sugar-rimmed glass. The Brandy Crusta is considered to be the original.
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit +lemon juice + maraschino liqueur
STANDARD GARNISH: lemon rind in the glass + sugar-rimmed glass
I.E.: brandy crusta
These types are similar to the crusta drinks but are larger, slightly sweeter, and no sugar rim.
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit + lemon juice + sweetener + grenadine
I.E.: brandy daisy, gin daisy
They are traditionally small drinks that predates the prohibition era. The most famous is the Whisky Sour.
STANDARD RECIPE: spirit + fresh lemon juice + orange liqueur + egg white optional
I.E.: ward 8, amaretto sour, brandy sour
TIKI / EXOTIC COCKTAILS
These tall, colourfull and exotic concoctions are drinks from the retro/party era of the early 1950s. Trader Vic’s bar owner Victor Bergeron and Don The Beachcomber made them famous around the world.
METHOD: shake or build
STANDARD RECIPE: rum + liqueur + exotic juices
i.e.: zombie, mai tai, planters punch
These little drinks are also called shots. They usually contain between one to two ounces. Pousse Café is the original layered shooter.
METHOD: build, shake, or layer
STANDARD RECIPE: none
I.E.: B52 shooter, slippery nipple, lemon drop
Download Drink Types pdf file for home study.
Visit Cocktail Hunter for your next bartender lesson.